Netherlands is a flat country and in old time times digging perfectly geometric bastion forts around the town was convenient to defend the city, from bird’s eye view they were completely in the shape of a star. Usually, these cities are designed in the form of Pentagon and Hexagon, surrounded by many triangular bastions.
Star-shaped (bastion) forts started to emerge in Europe during the 15th century when the cannons were invented, which the date coincides pretty much with beginning of renaissance. This type of fortification was especially very suitable for the landscape of the Netherlands which the altitude is very close to the sea level, easy to dig waterlines. The Dutch is also expert with manging water systems. (more…)